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How to Identify Center Draft and
```` Often the only photo sent with a request for
Nice photo but the shade covers the actual
"lamp'' completely - there are no clues whatever that can be
used to identify the lamp.
Flame Spread Clearly Shows The Manufacturer...but
not the size
Remove the shade and low and behold, there is
a flame spreader that answers the question of identity!
No Markings on Lamp But Lots of Clues!!!
No flame spreader, no markings on lamp, so the
clues needed are best done with a photo of the burner in
profile with the wick knob facing the camera. Now we can
see the burner configuration, the wick knob and the
pattern. By reviewing Courter's Center Draft Lamp book,
we can see those clues indicate the lamp was made by P&A prior
to 1898 and is a #2 P&A Royal burner on a drop-in font.
Draft tube and Outer Wick Tube Equal Height
A photo from this angle shows the center draft
tube ("C") and the outer wick tube ("O") are the same height.
If the lamp had been electrocuted for the addition of an
electrical light bulb socket the center draft tube would have
most likely been cut down. That is a MAJOR problem as
the lamp could not be restored to liquid fuel without a
replacement of the draft tube.
Measuring the INSIDE DIAMETER of ''C" and the
OUTSIDE DIAMETER of "O" will allow the determination of the
SIZE of the burner and thus the wick required.
A photo of any damage to the burner will
reveal if the burner can be repaired or used as-is.
Click on the photo at right and you will see a horizontal
crack in the gallery right below the chimney seat. In
this case the burner could still be used.
Easy Identification of Kosms Burners
The photo near right shows a typical
side-draft Kosmos air cutout in the outer wick tube.
The photo far right shows the wick tube is
clearly marked for the size and type of burner - in this case
it is a 14''' Kosmos. Not all Kosmos burners are so
FINDING THE WIDTH OF KOSMOS WICK REQUIRED -
FINDING THE CORRECT SIZE KOSMOS CHIMNEY -
MEASURING TO FIND THE PROPER
SIZE CENTER DRAFT CHIMNEY
Much more detailed information -
How to measure to find the correct wick for an old
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Heater Information below
Center Draft Wicks - Wicks
available only from this Wick Shop.
Flat lamp wicks
Aladdin Lamp Wicks
Center Draft Lamp
from "Tiny" Junior to Mammoth lamps.
Fabulous "Sans Rival"
borosilicate chimney for 14''' Kosmos lamps
Student Lamp Sans Rival Chimney with
1 7/8" fitter!!!
Standard glass lamp chimneys
Sonnenbrenner Lamp Chimneys
Information on lamps:
Center Draft Kerosene Lamps
(Photos, information and history, etc)
restored center draft lamps
Care, Feeding and Restoration of Center Draft
installation for many)
Lamp manufacturers and brand names
- Dimension of
nominal base diameter by make, model and "line".
Early American Metal Font & Specialty Lamps
Aladdin Lamp History
Aladdin Lamp Wicks & Chimneys,
Aladdin - Exploded burner views
Flame Spreaders and
Vulcan, Imperial, Veritas,
Belgian, Hinks, Messenger's, Young's Court, etc.
Articles by Alex Marrack:
Site Index for all things Perfection
Kindler Wicking For Oil Stoves & Ranges
Alphabetical list of most kerosene heaters and the proper wick,
& cart checkout.
List by wick number and the heaters that fit them. (A
helpful guide for buying on eBay)
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