Measuring to find a wick for an unlisted kerosene heater











Unique Specialty wicks
for 19th Century lamps


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World's Largest Selection of Wicks!
      Wicks for virtually every heater, stove and lamp made since 1850

Measuring to find a wick for an unlisted heater

Newer heaters from the 1970's on

Victorian Era Flame Spreader Heaters


It is possible you have a "brand name" or "unique" heater that is not listed in either the alphabetical list or the list by wick number.  Don't give up, as working together we can almost always find a wick that will make your heater work as well as new.  Those "odd" heaters were made by a reputable factory and sold to a chain store or other retail outlet under a different name and model number, or sold (even manufactured) in a different country under another name and model number.  So the wicks are's just a matter of matching the proper wick with your individual heater.   I have wicks to fit Wards, Kenmore, Zibro, Eurostove and other heaters which simply do not exist on any list of heaters, or I can make them.

What we need are the measurements of your old wick and heater, and only you can do that.  I have over 100 different models of wicks in stock, and I've measured and recorded the size of every one of them.  You can e-mail me with your wick measurements, and I will compare them with my list of wick measurements and let you know which wick will fit your heater.

There are four critical measurements I must know:  (1) the wick diameter; (2) the wick width, (3) the wick length; and (4) the distance from the TOP of the wick to the pins (if any), or any wick attachments.  Some wicks do not look like those illustrated at the beginning of this article so please scroll to the bottom of this page for all of the information on wick sizes and types.

 The wick must fit precisely
the wick gap and diameter

The wick diameter is found by measuring the width (diameter) of the central air pillar (center in the illustration above)  and the outside diameter of the wick opening, or "gap."  The wick must fit into the wick "gap."  Just as an example, the central pillar (around which the wick fits) measures 2 1/2", and the outside-to-outside measurement (outer edge of each side of the wick gap, across the air pillar) is 2 5/8". The diameter of the wick is the average of those two measurements.  In this case, the wick would be 2 9/16" in diameter.  There are 12 different wick diameters, so this is an important measurement.

Click on photos to enlarge them.

The wick length and width is found by measuring the wick when removed from the heater.  The wick will have to be removed in any case, so this is a relatively easy measurement to make. (It is a whole lot easier to remove and measure a dry wick, so empty the fuel tank and burn the wick dry if at all possible.)  Remember that you wouldn't be replacing the wick if it were burning like new, so it was probably about 1/8" to 1/4" longer than your measurement.  Note the metal wick raising attachment on the wick illustrated - that is an important factor in identifying the correct wick. This wick is 5 1/4" wide and 5 3/4" long.

The distance from the top to the pins (if any) is important because some wicks are the same diameter and length, but the pin placement can be either 2 or 2 1/2" below the top of the wick.  Once again, we have to assume the wick is burned down a little or you would not be needing a replacement wick, so add 1/8" or so to your measurement.  If a wick with the pins 2" from the top of the wick is installed in a heater designed for a 2 1/2" pin depth, the wick simply will not be able to be raised sufficiently to burn properly.  Conversely, if a wick with a pin depth of 2 1/2" is installed in a heater designed for a pin depth of 2", the wick will sit too high and not retract sufficiently to turn the heater off, and will be too high for efficient and proper burning.

Unpinned wick

Pinned wick

The wick sleeve for an unpinned wick has sharp barbs on the inside to hold the wick in place. The pins (if any) are on the sleeve itself, as in the photo above.  Click on the photos to enlarge them.

Pinned wick sleeves have 3 holes for the pins on the wicks to go through, as shown above and no sharp barbs on the inside of the sleeve.

With those three (or four, if the wick is pinned) measurements, you can e-mail me with those measurements, I check my list of wicks sizes and let you know which wick will fit your heater.  Then a perfectly good kerosene heater can be used again - and burn as it did when new!

No, this isn't as easy as simply reading a list and finding the wick number listed, but it will work and get your heater working again!

Modern kerosene heaters were invented in Japan and they established the standard dimensions used for those wicks.  There are other sizes, of course, but the vast majority of wicks will have one of the measurements below.  Remember, these are the FLAT WIDTH of the wick across the cloth band when the wick is pressed flat.  The length will vary and you will also need to let me know that measurement.

Standard widths of kerosene heater wicks

Width in Inches

Width in MM's


3 1/8"

80mm 2" - 50mm

4 1/8"

105mm 2 9/16" - 64mm

4 3/4"

120mm 2 15/16" - 75mm

5 1/2"

140mm 3 3/8" - 85mm

6 1/8"

155mm 3 3/4" - 95mm

6 1/2"

165mm 6 1/2" - 105mm

7 1/2"

190mm 4 3.4: - 120mm


There are times when finding a new wick to fit a very obscure heater takes more work, but it can be done!   The photos below show the process of replacing a wick for a Handy Master 9700 BTU heater.  The wick was originally sold with the wick sleeve, but that combination is no longer available.  So I modified a wick to fit the old wick sleeve, cut off the old wick, and slipped a new wick over a plastic guide. Then the plastic guide was pulled out from the bottom so the wick could be grabbed by the sharp points on the stainless steel wick sleeve.  It worked!  Now a perfectly good heater can be put back into operation.

Wick in sleeve, obviously needing replacement. The wick sleeve after the wick was removed. A guide made from the center of a plastic gallon jug. A  new wick slipped   over the wick sleeve and the plastic guide pulled out from the bottom.

The plastic wick guide is what makes it possible to slide a wick over the sharp points on a solid wick sleeve.  The plastic must be thin and flexible while at the same time being sturdy enough so that the sharp points do not dig into the plastic so it cannot be withdrawn from between the wick and the sleeve. I use the smooth plastic from the middle of a kerosene or Mineral Spirits gallon container.  This sleeve is 11" long, 4 1/2" wide, the slots are 1 5/16" on center and 3 1/2" deep.  Different wick sleeves would require different dimensions on the plastic guide, of course.

Victorian Era Flame Spreader Heaters


The diameter of the draft tube determines the wick required by the heater.  The draft tube is easier to measure if the burner is removed, which leaves the draft tube as the only thing protruding from the tank. You can see right through the draft tube to the floor, rug or drip pan beneath the fuel tank (font) so it is easy to identify.  In the illustration below, left, the draft tube on this heater measures 2.696''.  The draft tube on a Perfection heater measures 2.50'' so a Perfection wick or wick #3L will not fit this heater; in this case the measurement is typical for a European heater using a 71mm diameter wick.

If there is a fragment of wick existing, please remove the wick from the wick sleeve or wick carrier.  Lay the wick flat and press it flat, then measure ACROSS the flat so I can have that measurement.  A Perfection clone that uses wick #3L will be 4 3/8'' wide flat measurement.

A wick to fit the wick sleeve above must be a solid tube - no tails on the wick, and the wick fits on the outside of the draft tube.  Click on the photo to enlarge.

The wick above extends below the wick sleeve and must have ''tails'' on the wick, as shown. In this case the wick is 4 3/8'' wide and wick #3L will fit inside the wick sleeve.

It is important to note if the wick fits on the inside or outside of the wick sleeve and the diameter of the wick sleeve.  A wick fitting on the outside of a wick sleeve must be larger in diameter than a wick fitting on the inside of a wick sleeve. See the photo illustrations below.

Assumptions or guesses just are not accurate enough for finding the proper wick for a heater, and photos of a burner cannot be accurately measured because there is no perspective in a photo for relative size.

Some sample measurements of the outside diameter of draft tubes:

  • Perfection 500 draft tube:  2.5''

  • Florence models 81-21, -24, -25; 82-21, -24, -25; 83-12, -24, -25;  H-81, -82, -83 -84, -85, -86 -87, -88:   2.5'', same as a Perfection heater.

  • Florence Model 10 draft tube is 3 1/16'' diameter.

  • Florence H-124 draft tube is 3 3/4'' diameter and the wick sleeve is 4 1/4'' in diameter.

  • Acme No. 215,  4.705'' draft tube diameter.

  • Aladdin B-61, C-10.C20, S-1 & S-2, 3'' diameter.

  • Buhl No. 11, 3'' diameter.

  • Puritan #44, 1.910" diameter.

  • Standard New Process 40B, 3.031".

Measuring draft tube - you can see the floor through the draft tube

Wick fits inside sleeve with "tails" below wick

Wick in full length on sleeve

More illustrations of Victorian Era flame spreader design heater wick sleeves and wicks.  Click here.

Click to expand the photo

The wick fits around the center draft tube and inside the outer wick tube.  When measurements are needed the DIAMETER of the center draft tube is required.

Wick thickness:  The wick must fit within the ''wick gap'' closely so there is not a place for fuel vapor to pass beside the wick yet the wick cannot be too tight in the wick gap or the wick is very hard to move up and down.

To make a wick to fit an old, obsolete heater, the DIAMETER of the center draft tube must be precisely measured.  The wick fits around the draft tube, so the diameter x 3.14 = the circumference of the inner draft tube, or the actual amount of wick material required to make the wick.  Folded in half the WICK WIDTH is then known and that is how wicks are measured.


It is possible you have a ''kindler wick'' stove or heater but do not recognize that style of burner because they have not been generally available for decades.  A ''kindler wick'' burner has a narrow slot which holds a flat wick varying between 3/4'' and 1 1/2'' wide.  Kindler wicks may look like lamp wicks but most definitely are NOT cotton lamp wicks - they are specially woven fiberglass wicks reinforced with copper wire woven into the material.  Kindler wick burners look like this below:

More information on kindler wicks can be found on the kindler wick page.

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Heater Information below

Lamp Wicks:

Center Draft Wicks - Wicks available only from this Wick Shop.

Flat lamp wicks

Aladdin Lamp Wicks & parts

Lamp Chimneys:

Center Draft Lamp chimneys
from "Tiny" Junior to Mammoth lamps.

Fabulous "Sans Rival" borosilicate chimney for 14''' Kosmos lamps

Student Lamp Sans Rival Chimney with 1 7/8" fitter!!!

Standard glass lamp chimneys

Sonnenbrenner Lamp Chimneys

Information on lamps:

Center Draft Kerosene Lamps
(Photos, information and history, etc)

Photos of restored center draft lamps 

Care, Feeding and Restoration of Center Draft Lamps (and wick installation for many)

Center Draft Lamp manufacturers and brand names

Lamp Chimneys - Dimension of nominal base diameter by make, model and "line".

Early American Metal Font & Specialty Lamps

Aladdin Lamp History

Aladdin Lamp Wicks & Chimneys,

Aladdin - Exploded burner views

Kosmos-Brenner lamps and wicks

Flame Spreaders and "Smoke Consumers" from Alex Marrack

  • Vulcan, Imperial, Veritas, Belgian, Hinks, Messenger's, Young's Court, etc.

    Articles by Alex Marrack:

Home Page

Site Index

Site Index for all things Perfection

Kindler Wicking For Oil Stoves & Ranges

Kerosene Heaters

Alphabetical list of most kerosene heaters and the proper wick, & cart checkout.

List by wick number and the heaters that fit them. (A helpful guide for buying on eBay)

Measurements needed if you have an unlisted heater.

Care and Maintenance of Kerosene Heater Wicks

Installing Kerosene Heater Wicks - generic for unpinned wicks

Owner's_Manuals & information for many kerosene heaters

Kerosene Heaters - General types, how they work, recommendations for some good ones - and those I would avoid.

Economic Benefits of Kerosene Heaters

Kerosene Heater Safety

Regular maintenance   

Troubleshooting kerosene heater common problems

Breaking In New Kerosene Appliances

Burning Kerosene Heaters at Night

WATER IN KEROSENE causing "dwindling" and poor performance.

Flame Spreader Heaters and Lamps -
A Century of Excellence

Kerosene Heater Carts -
why carry your heater around?

Kerosene Fuel Primer 

Sweet Smelling Kerosene

Kerosene tank cradles (photo) Building a Cradle



Beatrice Boiling Stoves & Mini kerosene heaters you can make

Sad Iron stoves; Wicks & Installation instructions

Wicking For Oil Burning "WICKLESS" Stoves & Ranges

Photo Album

Photos of Wicks

Mail Order Form

Kerosene Stoves, Lanterns and Ovens

Kerosene Stoves -

 Recommendations on different models 

Kerosene Stove Maintenance and Storage

Butterfly A-822, 22 wick
, all-aluminum premium stove.   

Butterfly #2487, 16 wick stove Butterfly #2412 Pressure Stove; instructions for virtually any pressure stove.

Butterfly #2418 Double Burner Stove; good with any gravity flow stove.

Butterfly #2421 Oven for Kerosene Stoves

Butterfly #2641, 10 Wick Stove -
the least expensive emergency stove.

Butterfly #2698 Cook Stove -

THE Best Heavy Duty Cook Stove.

Butterfly #828R Pressure Lantern;
same for most pressure lanterns.

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